عنوان مقاله [English]
Climate change in the central part of the Iran plateau began 5000 years ago. This involved decrease in water resources, expansion of deserts, and increase in temperature. In the course of the climate change, residents of these areas could adapt to the climate change through a trial and error process to make necessary changes in the architecture dwelings. In this study the essential elements of buildings tht provide higher standards of health and welfare were first identified. Then these standard were applied to the design and architecture of houses and other buildings in the center of Iran’s plateau and southeast of Kashan. Both library research and empirical data were used to compare and contrast these features in traditional buildings and modern buildings in these areas. This included both indoor and outdoor spaces in these buildings. The results of the study showed that contrary to the ommon belief, traditional buildings enjoyed higher standards. Those construction were more cost-effective and enjoyed more flexibility to fluctuations in temprerature and dryness, better ventilation, better recycling of garbage, and better discharge of the electricity of the body. These building were also more protective in terms of noise pollution, insects sting, sun radiation, and possible physical damage. The results of the study have some applications for building sound and better construction by integrating different elements of traditional and modern construction, esepecially in small cities.