نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشجوی دکتری جغرافیای سیاسی، واحد نجفآباد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، نجفآباد، ایران
2 استادیار گروه جغرافیای سیاسی، واحد نجفآباد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، نجفآباد، ایران
3 استادیار گروه جغرافیا، واحد نجفآباد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، نجفآباد، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
A study of political participation of any society makes the political behavior of its people known while specifying not only the ways the political participation of citizens changes in different social contexts but also the factors influence it. This research tries to answer the following question: which spatial pattern does the relationship between political participation and political socialization as well as social capital follow in cities of Kashan, Aran and Bidgol? Considering the main indicators and components affecting political participation, a questionnaire was prepared and distributed among 870 citizens of these two cities. The independent variables in this research are political socialization and social capital, and the dependent variable is political participation. Descriptive statistics and inferential statistics and SPSS software were used to analyze the data. The precision in the amount of high political participation among citizens indicates that as political socialization and social capital increase, the low political participation of citizens decreases while high participation of citizens illustrates an increasing trend and political sociability from 7.2 to 26.9 and social capital from 13.4% at the minimum to 23% at the maximum. The findings of research show that there is a meaningful and confirmed correlation between the variables of social capital and political participation, based on the Pearson correlation coefficient, (r=0.195 and sig=0.000) as well as between political socialization and political participation, based on the Pearson correlation coefficient (r=0.344 and sig=0.000). A comparative study of research findings regarding cities of Kashan as well as Aran and Bidgol depicts that the citizens of Aran and Bidgol have higher political participation.
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