عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Among the various architectural patterns, recognition of the architectural patterns of garden in the region of Kashan has taken on considerable importance. The present study seeks to recognize the original architectural patterns and contexts of Farah Abad garden-edifice. In this regard, we face two main questions. First, what patterns have been used in formation of architecture of Farah Abad garden-edifice? Second, given the similarities between architectural pattern of Farah Abad garden-edifice and the architecture of Fin garden, could we consider the Fin garden as the pattern and basis of creation of Farah Abad garden-edifice? "Orientation of construction", "water discipline", "plant discipline", "hierarchy", " locating Elements " and "architecture of the edifice" are the variables which the current study has focused on. In the view of the methodology, the current qualitative research has conducted comparative comparison between Farah Abad garden-edifice and its four adjacent gardens, and accordingly, has recognized the architectural patterns of Farah Abad garden-edifice through performing comparison between the structural systems of this garden and those of Fin garden. The findings of the study indicate that Fin garden, recognized as an archetype, has been the basis for designing Farah Abad garden-edifice. In the course of their life, both gardens have been the governors’ residence; the fact which along with the four above-mentioned disciplines confirm the hypothesis concerning the fact that Farah Abad garden-edifice was structurally modeled on Fin garden.