نوع مقاله : علمی -ترویجی
1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد تکنولوژی معماری دانشگاه کاشان، کاشان، ایران
2 استادیار دانشکده معماری و هنر، دانشگاه کاشان، کاشان، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Sustainable architecture is an approach in architecture that takes into account environmental considerations while meeting human needs. this approach ends in an effective use of natural resources in designing and construction. Preliminary studies of indigenous and historical architecture show the manifestations of different dimensions of sustainable architecture in this architecture. Over time, traditional architects, based on their numerous experiences, have developed and implemented designs that are compatible with the natural environment while in harmonizing and modeling the surrounding nature, . The historical context of Kashan, as a part of valuable local heritage that has a luxurious traditional architecture, is no exception, and its architecture has been formed in accordance with the environmental conditions. In this paper, in a descriptive and analytical method while using library resources and field surveys, various aspects of environmental sustainability are investigated, and the components of sustainability are extracted from this aspect. Furthermore,, the historical bazaar of Kashan is identified as an important part from the cultural, social, and economic perspectives of the historical context of the city. Besides, this area, based on the framework formed in the theoretical foundations of the research, is evaluated, and its situation in terms of sustainability as well as strength and weakness in relation to environmental sustainability is determined. The results show that factors such as the climate-friendly design to preserve resources, the use of indigenous materials, human design, and building reliability have caused this market to be in a good condition in terms of environmental sustainability. However, disrupting the market order by establishing new arteries, neglecting the strengthening of its structure, and permitting human interventions, all, have damaged its stability.