عنوان مقاله [English]
So far more than 40 historical farmsteads around Kashan have been identified, 28 of which have been examined in more detail. These farmsteads have formed small biological complexes in different historical eras. Furthermore, Economic and productive incentives have played an important role in their creation The main point about these farmsteads is a lack of knowledge about their physical characteristics and their distinctions from other biological complexes such as villages. This research raises two questions: a) based on what physical characteristics have historical farmsteads been formed around Kashan? b) What was the role of dependent physical elements in the survival of farmsteads around Kashan and on which factors their maintenance and protection depended? The aim of this research is to introduce the physical characteristics of farmsteads around Kashan through analyzing a case study called Bala Abbasabad Farmsteads. To this end, an interpretive approach and historical interpretive strategy have been deployed..Available studies have discussed there are three zones in each farmstead including physical, cultivation and customary buffer. The physical zone had an area of 2 to 15 hectares, and dependent physical elements were located in this zone. Cultivation zones with an approximate area of 15 to 30 hectares were formed, and the main theme was the production and creation of economic added value. The customary area was also allocated to pastures, and its extent was determined based on customs. Currently, these three zones are in four conditions: destroyed, under reconstruction, rebuilt and changed to the village.